Yorkie, Dog Breed Facts And Characteristics | AuthorityDog

Yorkie, Dog Breed Facts And Characteristics

If you are thinking of adopting a new puppy or dog, it is good to know you have many questions about the breed.  

It shows you take pet ownership seriously, and want it to be a great experience.

Do you want to know what to expect, how to prepare for any potential problems, and what the Yorkshire Terrier breed (Yorkie) is really like?  

As I am one of the many people who love these dogs, I decided to share information with you.

You will know everything you need to know before you choose a Yorkie and take him home.



If a Yorkie is your first choice, you should not be surprised to learn it is one of the most popular dogs.  

The American Kennel Club ranks Yorkshire Terriers as the 6th most popular breed. As they

have so many excellent characteristics, you will quickly fall in love with your new pet.

One appealing characteristic is its compact size.  

As its ideal weight is only 7 pounds, it is in the Toy Dog category.  In the Toy category specifically, it is the most popular breed in the United States.  

You should not let his size fool you, though. This tiny dog is packed with personality

However, there are many reasons his size can be an asset.  Perhaps you do not have much space in your home, want a pet you can take with you wherever you go, or know that feeding large dogs can be expensive.

These are some of the reasons you may prefer a compact-sized pet.

Cuteness is an asset, too.  

After all, when you have a dog, you want to enjoy him.  Everyday life will be much more beautiful after he has become a part of your household.  Friends and even strangers will be delighted with your Terrier.

The best part of living with a Yorkie, though, is that you will have a brand-new friend.  

He is a companion you will love spending time with every day.

While each person has his own needs and preferences in dog breeds, he could be the perfect dog for you.  

Facts about Yorkshire Terriers can help you decide if this is the breed you want.  When you take some time to learn about the breed, you will not have any surprises. Instead, you can look forward to sharing many years with your new friend.

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed Facts And Characteristics



His ability to get along well with others can make it easy for this dog to live in an apartment.  Unlike some breeds that often need to be kept apart from people and pets they do not like, he is neither aggressive nor aloof.   

Apartment living at its best requires a dog that is neat, clean, and easy to maintain. Yorkshire Terriers meet these requirements. They can also be trained to not bark excessively, so they do not annoy your neighbors. He can be a well-behaved pet that everyone in your apartment building will love.

Beginner owners

This dog can be a good choice for many first-time dog owners. While every dog requires training and maintenance, it is rarely as difficult or time-consuming.
From rules to house training, they generally learn faster and easier than many other dogs. While they do need regular exercise, their needs are moderate in comparison to some breeds.

Sensitivity balance

The breed you are considering is highly sensitive. This does not mean he cannot do well in an active household.However, he will fare best if he is not exposed to excessive noise and chaos. If you are planning to adopt a puppy, keep in mind he needs plenty of quiet time to sleep and relax.

Loneliness adaptability

Many dogs cannot tolerate loneliness, and should not be left alone for long periods. The Yorkie is one example. If he is alone for many hours while everyone in your family is at work or school, it can affect his personality, his behavior, and even his health. Separation anxiety is real. If you do not want him to chew, bark, or become difficult to deal with, spend as much time with him as possible.

Adaptability life in a building

Your Yorkie will be healthy and happy with the fresh air and exercise of a daily walk, but he does not need much outdoor time.  Potential owners who want a dog they can tie outdoors or allow to run free should not choose this particular breed. If you are looking for a pet who can be happily active inside your home, you will appreciate this characteristic.

Cold weather

Yorkshire Terriers are sensitive to cold. They tend to do better in warm climates. You should also keep this in mind when considering the temperature in your home. If you prefer an excessively cool home, it is not as appropriate for your pet.

Yorkshire Terriers are sensitive to cold. They tend to do better in warm climates. You should also keep this in mind when considering the temperature in your home. If you prefer an excessively cool home, it is not as appropriate for your pet.

Hot  weather

These Terriers are sensitive to heat, too. It is not difficult for a Yorkie to become overheated. At its worst, he may even experience heatstroke.Keep your dog indoors when it is excessively hot.  Limit outdoor dog time during the summer. Make sure he has plenty of fresh water.  If you need to take him out for exercise, find a shady area. As asphalt is hot, choose a     place with plenty of grass instead.    


Despite their tiny size, Yorkshire Terriers are territorial dogs.  When your dog comes to believe something belongs to him, he will defend it.  This can include his toys, his humans, and his home. His compact size can be misleading, as he may not hesitate to attack an unfamiliar animal or a stranger he perceives as an intruder.  Even if he does not attack, you will be alerted by his barking. This is one reason people often choose Yorkies as watchdogs. He is small, but he can be fierce if he perceives a threat. 


Affection with Family 

The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the most affectionate breeds.  This is a dog that loves to be picked up, carried around, and cuddled.  He will be happy to join you when you curl up on the couch to watch television or accompany you on your errands.      Similar to many dogs, though, he is a one-person pet.      While he is likely to be affectionate toward other family members, it will not be difficult to see which person he chooses.  He will not exclude others from his love and affection, but he will develop a stronger connection to one individual.

Kid Friendly 

This dog's compatibility with humans often does not extend to young children.  This does not mean they dislike children, but problems may occur if there are small children in your family. First, the youngest children may not know how to properly play with or interact with, your dog.  If a baby or toddler pulls his tail or makes too much noise, the dog's natural instinct will be to protect himself.  He may bite your child.

Second, a youngster's normal behavior can be dangerous to a small pet.  Your dog could sustain broken bones if he is dropped, or be suffocated if a youngster falls on him.   For these reasons, Yorkies are considered inappropriate for households with small children.

 In fact, some breeders will not sell the puppies to individuals who have young children.

If your kids are older, it can be an entirely different experience. If they have been taught how to respect a pet and to handle him gently, the kids and dogs can coexist harmoniously. They can develop a love for each other.

A child-free home is usually best for a Yorkie, but you do not need to give up your dream of living with one of these beautiful pets. Wait until your kids are older, and then teach them how to be responsible and caring toward the new dog.

Dog friendly 

 This is a breed that can get along well with other dogs,   but it depends on the situation.  The best way to ensure a      good relationship between your Yorkie and another dog in your household is for them to grow up together.  If he is introduced to another dog when he is young, they can actually become good friends.

If a Yorkie lives with you, and you want to introduce a dog, it can be time-consuming but not impossible.  One concern is your current dog's natural, territorial instincts.  Allow the dogs plenty of time to get to know each other, preferably in a neutral location.      

 Inside the home, each dog should have his or her own personal space.  The dogs should have separate food and water bowls, and separate beds.  As these tiny dogs are known to attack dogs that are much larger than themselves, take special care around dogs that he meets outdoors.  He is not as likely to be friendly toward a dog he sees in the park as one that is carefully introduced to him at home

Cat Friendly 

In general, the younger a cat and a Yorkie are when they meet, the better the results.  You should not be surprised to find your two pets eventually play together and love each other, and your dog may begin to see himself as the cat's protector.  Some dogs can develop a trait that irks your cat and can backfire.  Small Dog Syndrome is common in Toy dogs.  Your two pets will have a better relationship if the dog is not allowed to feel that he rules your house.  Always be kind to your pets, but make sure he knows you are in charge.  

Friendly towards Strangers 

His territorial nature does not mean he is automatically aggressive toward anyone he does not know.  In many cases,  they are outgoing and friendly toward strangers.  However,   there are exceptions to keep in mind, so you do not take unnecessary risks. The average Yorkie will have a different reaction to a   stranger entering your house than one he meets when he is out for a walk.  If a person he does not know comes into your home, your pet will see him as an intruder and a    threat.  

The person is wise to expect an unpleasant reaction from your tiny companion.  In contrast, a  stranger on the street may be greeted as if he were a      long-time friend.      

A second consideration is your Terrier's unique personality.  Various factors can influence how he reacts to strangers. If he was adopted from a rescue shelter and had been abused by a previous owner, this can increase the risk of aggressiveness.  Aggressiveness can also be a problem if other dogs in his breeding line were unusually aggressive.  Before you adopt a new dog, learn everything you can about his history.  

When you take him home, socialization can reduce the risk of unwanted aggression toward strangers.  Even if you want to train him as a watchdog, he can be taught to not bark at, growl at, or bite everyone he meets.    

Health Grooming


An exciting feature of the Yorkie is he does not have fur.  His long, silky coat is actually hair. There are some reasons you will appreciate the difference.   He will shed, but shedding is minimal.  You will not have dog fur all over your clothing, furniture, and carpets.  Most dogs develop dander.  While this substance can be difficult to remove, it is especially bothersome to people who have allergies.  This will not be a problem if you, or someone in your household, is allergic to pet dander.   With little to no dander in his coat, he is not only convenient and clean but safe, too.  It is for this reason the Yorkie is known as a hypoallergenic pet.


Dogs drool, but some drool less than others.  Although the  Yorkie has saliva glands in his mouth, it is not nearly as excessive as many other breeds.   Similar to human babies, he may drool excessively while he is teething.  In most cases, this process is completed by the time a puppy is 10 months old. If he is over a year old and has all of his permanent teeth, drooling should be minimal.  Excessive drooling in adult dogs should be discussed with your veterinarian. It could be a sign of a minor or severe health problem.

Grooming Needs 

Your little friend needs regular grooming to maintain a beautiful appearance and good health.  He should be bathed at least once every  2 to 3 weeks, and more often if he becomes dirty.  He should be brushed every day.  His teeth and ears must be cleaned, and his nails should be kept trimmed.

Grooming difficulty 

Grooming a Yorkie may be a difficult task for some owners, especially if they are not familiar with grooming.  It can certainly be time-consuming.  There are details you should not skip when you want the best for your companion. He will look nicer, and be healthier, too.        

To maintain the natural oils in his hair and skin, avoid shampoos that contain chemical ingredients.  These shampoos are harsh and can strip away the oils. The hairs in his coat can break if brushed when dry.  While brushing his teeth and cleaning his ears can be tricky,      extra care must be taken when trimming his nails.  If they are cut too short, it can cause bleeding.      

There are ways to make grooming easier.  One approach is to have dog hair cut and nails trimmed on a regular basis at the vet's office.  His hair can be cut short into a cute style. If you prefer to groom your dog yourself, ask your vet to demonstrate the safest, easiest way to do each procedure.  It should not take long to gain enough experience to groom him at home.

Health Issues

Purebred dogs are more prone to serious health issues than mixed-breed dogs.  However, another advantage of Yorkshire      Terriers is Toy dogs are usually healthier than large dogs.  They are considered to be a very healthy breed.      With proper care and routine visits to the vet, many problems can be avoided.  Others can be detected and treated in their early stages. While we will discuss specific issues later in this tutorial, a healthy pup can have a lifespan of 12 to 15 years or longer

Weight Gain 

 It is recommended a Yorkie weigh no more than 7 pounds.      The ideal weight range for an adult is between 4 and 7 Pounds.  As he has a tendency to become overweight, it is essential to take steps to prevent obesity.  Although most are active by nature, do not allow him to become a couch potato.  He needs plenty of exercises every day. Provide a well-balanced diet with quality dog food.      

Limit snacks and treats.   Some pets can be sneaky when they see something they want,      and a Yorkie is not an exception.  Your little friend will not think twice about stealing food if he notices it is available.  

You will do him a favor by not leaving food where he can reach it.       Health problems can result from obesity.  Even dog small bone structure is not designed to carry excess weight.  If the dog is gaining too much weight, consult with your vet. As his nutritional needs must be met, do not attempt a   weight-loss diet yourself.



Although he is more comfortable to train than many other breeds,Some points can make training a better experience.  For the best results, you need to be consistent. As schedules are essential for successful training, bring him home when you know you have time for this process.  Whether you prefer to paper-train your pet or teach him to do his business outdoors, he can only learn if you are home to teach him what you expect of him.     Consistency is essential for other aspects of training,  too. It will not be difficult for him to learn not to bark or bite, or objects you do not want him to chew.


If you do not want to choose between cute and smart, this is the pet for you.  His above-average intelligence makes him a joy to be around, and quite easy to train.      He will show his intelligence by his quick-thinking Nature.  His alertness adds the picture of an overall-Smart canine.  You will not need to repeat commands and rules over and over again so he will be a wonderful      addition to your household.

Prey Drive 

The Yorkie is, by nature, a hunter.  Any animal that is much smaller than himself can trigger this instinctive reaction.    Whether he spots a wild animal, such as a squirrel, or a     domestic pet like a hamster, your little friend will want to go after it.  If you do not want him to chase, catch,  and kill smaller animals, be aware of this instinct in advance.  As it is virtually impossible to teach any animal to not follow his natural abilities, it is best to not have small pets at home when you have a Yorkie.

Barking Or Howling Tendencies 

Barking and howling come naturally.  This does not mean you must listen to it day and night, or hear complaints from your neighbors.  Although some bark more than others,      curbing these tendencies can be as simple as learning his reasons.      

If he is left alone too long, he may start to howl or bark.  This noise can also occur when he is feeling stressed. Addressing these issues can make a difference in his barking habits.  However, do not punish your Yorkie for barking. The sensible approach that will have better results is to determine the cause.  You can calm his natural barking instinct, and he will be happier and healthier.      

He may also bark when someone approaches.  Socialization and training will help him learn the difference between friends and strangers.


Your Yorkie can be trained to obey, but keep some of his breed's characteristics in mind.  He can be stubborn, but he is also highly intelligent and eager to please his owner.  In addition to patience and consistency, he needs to know you are in charge.  This is one reason to offer hugs, pats, and playtime instead of treats when you want to reward him for good behavior.  If he receives a treat for obeying a command, he will obey for the wrong reasons.   You want him to obey because he respects you, not because he expects a treat.  He will be happiest when he knows he has pleased you, and you will have a well-behaved dog.  


Your curious dog may need special attention to stay out of trouble and danger.  Open doors, for example, can be impossible for him to resist. As Yorkies are incredibly fast, you may not be able to outrun him.  As they are capable of climbing fences, a fenced-in yard may not restrain him.

His natural curiosity can be endearing if you make sure he does not wander away or get hurt.


Despite its diminutive size, the Yorkie is not a timid animal.  The little dog is amazingly courageous. When you live with a Yorkie, you will see tiny does not mean fearful.


Bored, dull, and disinterested does not describe this breed.  Alertness is one of its best-known Characteristics. The dog knows what is going on around him,      and he pays attention.  He will not ignore you when you are training him.


He is a confident little fellow, too.  This is even apparent in the way he carries himself.  With his head held high, he shows everyone he meets that he is essential.  He does not like to take second place and will feel like he is the king of your household.  If you treat him that way but do not spoil him, his confidence can become one of his most appealing characteristics.

Watchdog Ability 

 The Yorkie's characteristics make him an excellent watchdog.  His territorial nature, suspicion of strangers, and tendency to bark when there is noise can turn this tiny pet into the perfect guardian for your family and home.  He will bark or bite if he thinks you are in danger. A Yorkie can be your own personal home-alarm system.

Exercise Needs


This good-natured breed loves to play.  As he loves attention, too, playtime is essential to a Yorkie.  His size, though, makes rough play dangerous. To fully appreciate his playful nature, playtime activities should be gentle and safe.


The Yorkie is a high-energy dog.  He likes to play, jump,      and investigate everything in his surroundings.  His inquisitive, active nature means he is not a dog that wants to sleep all day.


Your pet will love high-intensity exercise.  As he dislikes boredom, it is also important to provide mental stimulation.  If you have an active lifestyle, he will quickly fit into it.


With all of these features, the Yorkshire Terrier Breed     (Yorkie) Is a highly trainable dog.  He catches on quickly

History Of The Yorkie

Scottish laborers were responsible for this delightful dog.  Over 150 years ago, they brought a variety of terrier dogs when they went to work in Yorkshire, England.  

When numerous breeds were mixed, they eventually became known as Yorkshire Terriers.Initially, Yorkies were not meant to be companions.  

They were bred to be working dogs. As mills and factories were often infested with rats, the Yorkie was considered the ideal solution.  

The dog's scrappy, natural hunting instinct started with this early history. This is why they are known as ratters.

When the Yorkie's hunting skills were recognized, they became popular with hunters.  Hunters carried pocket-sized dogs when they went foxhunting and hunted for other wild animals.

 Although they became known as natural predators, their popularity began to spread.  

Huddersfield Ben was the first well-known example. He won over 70 dog show competitions and many ratter contests.  As a stud dog, he played a significant role in the breed's development.

When wealthy women took notice, their purpose changed.  England's upper class chose them as lap dogs and companions.  

Breeding characteristics changed, too, including size, coats, and color.  Less than a decade after it was introduced in the United States, it was registered by the

AKC in 1878.

One of the most famous Yorkies was considered a hero in World War II.  Smoky went on sea missions and air raids, jumped with a parachute, assisted the Signal Corps, and entertained troops.  

Audrey Hepburn's Terrier started the breed's popularity in Hollywood.  Suddenly, many celebrities wanted one.

When the general public learned of this, fans everywhere wanted a Yorkie.Today, Yorkies are one of the most popular breeds.  

They are loved by celebrities, individuals, and families.  While they remain true to their roots as hunters, modern generations of Yorkshire Terriers are companions, show dogs, and therapy dogs.

 Elderly persons and other housebound adults can benefit from the companionship of a Yorkie. [1]

Yorkshire Terrier Temperament And Personality

Yorkie Temperament With Children & Other Pets

The Yorkie was bred to work, but the modern dog usually has a different job.  

He is ideally suited to fulfill his role as companion and friend, as well as the guardian of his home and family.  

He can be calm and quiet, but he loves activity. He enjoys providing endless fun to his human family.

If his new family includes older children, it can be a  delightful experience.  

As preteens and teenagers have learned how to properly care for pets, they can appreciate his lively nature and his courage.  

If they are ready for a pet, they will see he is a loyal companion.

You may not have the same results if your children are too young.  Toddlers often engage in rough play that can be harmful to both the children and the pet.

Many Yorkies get along well with other pets.  The best results come when both animals are introduced to each other early in life.  

The cat or dog he grows up with will become his friend. His loyalty and protectiveness can extend to the pet he views as his sibling.        

With his predatory nature, it is unwise to have a Yorkie if you have smaller animals.  He may try to catch and kill hamsters, mice, and birds, and he may succeed. [2]


Some conditions are common in Yorkies.  Hypoglycemia is one example. While older dogs can develop it, it is most common in puppies under 4 months old.  Treatment can be effective if it is diagnosed early.

Legg-Perthes Disease affects the hip joint.  It impacts blood circulation, the femur bone, and cartilage.  It can be successfully treated with surgery.

Eye conditions are common in this breed.  Retinal dysplasia, cataracts, and tear duct disorders are some examples.  Some Yorkies develop a limited vision, and others become entirely blind.

Dislocated kneecaps can occur.  His kneecap can slip out of place.  Depending on the severity, treatment can include rest, medication, physical therapy, or surgery.

The portosystemic shunt can cause a wide variety of symptoms.  Blood work can detect this condition. Medications, dietary changes, or surgical procedures may be necessary to save his life.

Collapsed trachea occurs when the windpipe collapses or becomes narrowed.  Mild cases can be treated with lifestyle changes, but surgery may be necessary

While common conditions may occur, he can be affected by the issue that is #1 in small dogs.

In most instances, injuries can be prevented. 

He can be injured or killed by falls, attacks from larger animals, or while attempting to eat a small object and choking on it.  

Knowing exactly where he is and what he is doing at all times can significantly reduce his risk of accidental injury or death.

While some issues are merely common to the breed, others are genetic.  When you adopt a Yorkie, learn his family medical history.

Take him to the vet for a checkup, and any tests the vet deems necessary.  

Many conditions that are detected early can be treated.

These steps can increase his ability to lead a longer, healthier life. [3]


Caring for a Yorkie is not extremely difficult, but it can be time-consuming.  One example is the time you will spend on grooming.

You will bathe him, brush him, and care for his teeth and nails.  

While he needs to be kept neat and clean, you can have a groomer or your vet perform these tasks for you. Training is not as time-consuming as it is with many breeds.  

As he learns fast and wants to please you, you will have good results. Prepare for his sleep habits, especially if you adopt a puppy.  

Young pups may sleep up to 12 hours per day. Exercise is essential for a healthy Yorkie.  If you provide playtime at home and a daily walk, it will result in good health. Care includes regular visits to your veterinarian.  

In addition to routine checkups, ask your vet about vaccinations.  Even if he is a house dog, follow the vet's advice for vaccines.

Your city or county may also have laws for vaccinating dogs. You may not expect your Yorkie to be outdoors alone, but accidents can happen.  He may slip out the door when you are not looking, and become lost.

This is why every Yorkie should wear a collar with appropriate identification.  

His I.D. tag should include your name, address, and phone number. His license and proof of vaccinations should be worn on his collar, too. [4]


A Yorkie should have the highest quality food, but feeding depends on his age.  If he is not yet 3 months old, food should always be available. [5]

After this stage, provide puppy food 3 or 4 times per day.

Older puppies and adult dogs do not benefit from unlimited access to food.  It can interfere with his house training and can lead to weight gain.

On a regular schedule, feed him 2 or 3 times per day

Some owners like to make their own dog food.  While it is best to check with your vet before preparing homemade food, some products are suitable for a Yorkie.  

Examples include lean meats, berries, rice, pasta, and many vegetables. He needs protein, carbohydrates, and a balanced diet in general.  

Other foods are unhealthy and even dangerous.  

Never give him chocolate, beverages made for humans, or salt.  He should not have raisins, grapes, or other small foods that could cause choking.

When it comes to foods he can safely eat, some products could be disastrous.  

Make sure everyone in the household knows to not leave seeds or fruit pits where he can reach them.  He will want to eat them, but he could choke. 

Limit treats and snacks.  

It does not take much for a compact-sized Yorkie to gain weight. Frequent treats can also cause behavior problems, as he may start to expect treats.  [6]


I hope you enjoyed this tutorial.  

I love sharing information about this special little dog.  If you are thinking of bringing a Yorkie into your life, 

I think this information can be helpful.  Instead of wondering what to expect, you are fully prepared for the new arrival.

From his health, safety, and eating habits, to how he will get along with everyone in your household, you will feel confident in those early days and months with your new friend.

If you found this information helpful, I would love for you to comment in the comments section.  

I would also appreciate if you would share it with others who would find it interesting. You undoubtedly know many pet-lovers who are especially fond of the Yorkshire Terrier Breed (Yorkie).  Perhaps this tutorial will encourage them to adopt a Yorkie, too.